As part of an employee’s remuneration package, employers are obligated to make regular Super Guarantee (SG) contributions to their employees’ super fund in accordance with the superannuation rules. However, it’s crucial for high-income earners to be mindful of the government’s quarterly cap on an employee’s earnings base for which employers must make these contributions. This cap is referred to as the Maximum Superannuation Contribution Base (MSCB) and is linked to the Average Weekly Ordinary Time Earnings (AWOTE), leading to adjustments every financial year. The MSCB sets the maximum limit on the amount of an individual employee’s earnings base for SG contributions by the employer, ensuring that contributions do not exceed this threshold. This cap helps in managing concessional and non-concessional contributions within the contribution caps set by the government.

Superannuation Guarantee (SG)

The Superannuation Guarantee (SG) contribution rate represents a specific portion of your income that the government requires. Your employer is obligated to contribute this amount to your superannuation fund. For the financial year 2023-24, this rate is set at 11% of your ordinary time earnings, which pertains to the income you earn during your standard working hours. If employers fail to make the necessary contributions on behalf of their employees, they may be subject to the “super guarantee charge” imposed by the government. It’s essential to highlight that the SG rate is on track to incrementally increase to 12% by 1 July 2025, in line with government-mandated adjustments to bolster retirement savings.

If you want to know more about Super guarantee charges, use the link here.

 An image displaying the Super Guarantee rates spanning from 2014 to 2025.

Maximum Super Contributions Base (MSCB) for the 2023-2024

The Superannuation Guarantee (SG) contribution rate stands at 11% of an employee’s earnings, up to a specific limit known as the Maximum Superannuation Contribution Base (MSCB). If an employee’s earnings surpass the MSCB for a given quarter, their employer is not obligated to make SG contributions for the amount exceeding this limit. For the 2023-24 financial year, the Maximum Super Contribution Base (MSCB) is set at $62,270 per quarter, which accumulates to an annual limit of $249,080 ($62,270 x 4 quarters). Consequently, the maximum SG contribution that an employer is required to make per quarter is $6,849.70 ($62,270 x 11%). It’s worth noting that the MSCB solely applies to SG contributions and does not govern other mandatory contributions, such as those mandated by industrial awards or enterprise agreements.
A visual representation of the Maximum Super Contribution Base per quarter (based on quarterly earnings) for the years 2018 to 2024.

What is concessional contributions?

Concessional contributions refer to the contributions made to a superannuation fund before taxes are deducted. These contributions are subject to a reduced (concessional) tax rate, which varies based on an individual’s income and the total before-tax super contributions they make. Generally, if an individual’s annual income combined with their before-tax super contributions amounts to less than $250,000, they will be subject to a 15% tax rate on their concessional contributions. However, if their income, in addition to their concessional (before-tax) super contributions, exceeds $250,000 within a given financial year, they will incur an additional 15% tax on the portion of their concessional contributions that surpasses this threshold.

Concessional contributions cap

The Concessional Contributions Cap defines the maximum allowable amount of before-tax income that can be contributed to a superannuation fund while still benefiting from the concessional tax rate. This cap takes into account contributions made by the employer in accordance with the Superannuation Guarantee scheme. For the 2023-24 tax year, the Concessional Contributions Cap is established at $27,500 annually. This cap serves as the boundary for the total before-tax contributions an individual can make to their superannuation fund while enjoying the concessional tax rate, ensuring compliance with taxation regulations.
An illustration depicting the annual general concessional contributions cap for the years 2018 through 2024. From 2018 to 2021 with a general cap of $25,000 and from 2021 to 2024 with a general cap of $27,500

Carry-forward concessional contributions

Carry-forward concessional contributions present a distinctive opportunity for individuals to enhance their superannuation savings. If your super balance was below $500,000 as of 30 June in the preceding financial year and you haven’t fully used your annual pre-tax contribution limit over the past five years, you now possess a valuable alternative. Commencing from the 2019-20 financial year, you can surpass the conventional contribution cap by tapping into the previously unused portions of your cap from those preceding years. Moreover, you have the ability to harness up to four years of contributions that remained untapped for the 2022-23 financial year and capitalise on the entirety of five years’ worth for the 2023-24 financial year. This empowers individuals with super balances below $500,000 to embark on catch-up contributions, capitalising on their previously unused contribution limits. In essence, this provision grants individuals the latitude to carry forward their dormant concessional contributions for a duration of up to five years, affording them the flexibility to make more substantial contributions to their superannuation fund in the future.

Excess concessional contributions

Excess concessional contributions occur when an individual surpasses their concessional contribution cap. In such instances, you become liable to pay extra tax on the surplus contributions, calculated at their marginal tax rate, minus the 15% tax already deducted. You can either leave the excess amount within your superannuation account, where it will be categorised as non-concessional contributions, or you can decide to withdraw the excess sum from your account.

What are non-concessional contributions?

Non-concessional contributions refer to funds directed into a superannuation account that do not qualify for a tax deduction. These contributions are funded from an individual’s after-tax income and are commonly known as “after-tax contributions.” It’s important to note that non-concessional contributions exclude any contributions made by an employer on the individual’s behalf, such as salary sacrifice contributions. The term specifically applies to personal contributions initiated by the individual using their after-tax income, and these contributions are not eligible for a tax deduction.

Non-concessional contributions caps

Non-concessional contributions are typically subject to specific caps, which impose limits on the total amount of after-tax contributions an individual can make within a single financial year. Contributions exceeding these caps may incur additional taxes. There are restrictions on the maximum sum of after-tax contributions that can be directed to a superannuation fund, even though these contributions have already been subjected to the individual’s standard income tax rate. As of the 2023-24 tax year, the cap for after-tax contributions is established at $110,000 annually. It’s crucial to note the following:
  • If an individual’s superannuation balance reaches or exceeds $1.9 million by the conclusion of the prior financial year, their non-concessional contribution cap for the current financial year will be reduced to zero.
  • Once an individual reaches the age of 75, they have a 28-day window after the end of that month to make non-concessional personal contributions to their super fund.
  • For individuals under 75 years old (formerly under 67 years before 2022-23, and under 65 years for the 2020-21 financial year and earlier), with a super balance less than $1.68 million on 1 July 2023, they may have the option to bring forward the contributions for the next two years, allowing a lump sum contribution of $330,000 in the present financial year. For example, if an individual makes a $330,000 contribution during the 2022-23 financial year, they won’t be eligible for further after-tax contributions until the 2025-26 financial year.
Should non-concessional contributions surpass the cap, the individual will be obligated to pay a higher tax rate on the excess amount and may also incur additional charges.
A table presenting the non-concessional contributions cap for the years 2018 to 2024. The cap is set at $100,000 for the period from 2018 to 2021 and then increases to $110,000 from 2021 to 2024.

Excess non-concessional contribution

Exceeding the non-concessional contributions cap presents individuals with two available courses of action. If you exceed the set limit for non-concessional contributions, you’re presented with a couple of alternatives:
  • First option is to withdraw the additional non-concessional contributions alongside 85% of the relevant earnings. Should you opt for this, the entirety of the earnings will be subject to your prevailing tax bracket, inclusive of the Medicare levy. You’ll also be eligible for a 15% tax credit to offset the taxes already paid on those gains while they were part of your super fund.
  • If you decide not to withdraw and instead want to be assessed for added non-concessional contributions tax, it’s essential to notify the ATO and specify the particular superannuation account you intend to use to address the tax due.
The relevant earnings refer to the projected earnings on the surplus non-concessional contributions during their tenure in your superannuation account. The percentages applied to determine this sum for every financial year can be found in the accompanying table.
An image displaying the excess non-concessional contribution table for the income years 2018 to 2024. This table provides information on the annual rate for each respective year and its corresponding earnings rate.

Government co-contribution program and eligibility criteria

To qualify for the government co-contribution, you need to meet specific criteria. You must make an eligible non-concessional contribution during the financial year and have a total income, which includes reportable employer super contributions and reportable fringe benefits, below the higher income threshold for that particular financial year (the threshold for 2023-2024 is $58,445). Additionally, at least 10% of your total income must come from eligible employment-related activities or running a business. You should also be under 71 years old at the end of the financial year, not hold an eligible temporary resident visa during the financial year (unless you are a New Zealand citizen or hold a prescribed visa), and file an income tax return for the relevant financial year. Furthermore, your total superannuation balance, encompassing super and pension interests, must not exceed $1.9 million at the conclusion of the prior financial year. To be eligible, you also need to ensure that you have not exceeded your non-concessional contributions cap for the applicable financial year. The specific amount of the co-contribution varies based on your income and the quantity of non-concessional contributions you make. It’s important to note the co-contribution is not disbursed if your income reaches or surpasses the higher income threshold. Additionally, there is a minimum payment of $20, and payments are rounded to the nearest five-cent increment.
A table that shows the maximum entitlement, lower income threshold and higher income threshold from 2021 to 2024

What is the Low Income Superannuation Tax Offset (LISTO)?

The Low Income Superannuation Tax Offset (LISTO) was introduced by the Australian government on 1 July 2017 as a replacement for the Low Income Superannuation Contribution (LISC). LISTO is designed to support individuals with low incomes in building their superannuation savings while ensuring that they do not pay more in taxes on their super than on their take-home pay. If your annual income is $37,000 or less, you may qualify for a LISTO contribution to your superannuation account. This contribution amounts to 15% of the total concessional (before-tax) super contributions made either by you or your employer, with a maximum limit of $500 per income year.

Spouse Contributions

Spouse contributions involve making after-tax contributions to your spouse’s superannuation account instead of your own. These contributions can be made for a spouse at any time before they turn 75, regardless of their employment status. It’s important to note that spouse contributions cannot be made for a spouse who is 75 years or older. The term ‘spouse’ encompasses de facto partners, and both the contributor and the spouse must be Australian residents when the contributions are made. As the contributor, you may be eligible for a tax rebate of up to $540 per financial year for making spouse contributions. The full rebate is accessible if the following conditions are met:
  • You contribute a minimum of $3,000 to your spouse’s super account.
  • Your spouse’s total assessable income, including reportable fringe benefits and reportable employer super contributions, is below $37,000 for the year.
If your contributions amount to less than $3,000, the rebate will be equivalent to 18% of your contributions. If your spouse’s relevant income exceeds $37,000, the rebate gradually decreases until it is no longer available when your spouse’s income reaches $40,000.

Downsizer Super Contributions for 55+ Individuals

If you are aged 55 or older, you have the potential to contribute up to $300,000 from the proceeds of selling your home (or a portion of it) into your superannuation account. This presents an advantageous strategy to boost your super savings and gain the tax benefits linked with superannuation. However, it’s essential to keep a few key considerations in mind when contemplating a downsizer contribution:

Transfer Balance Cap

The contribution will count towards your transfer balance cap when you transition your super savings into the pension phase. But, if you have already reached the $1.9 million cap, your downsizer contribution (along with any additional amounts exceeding the cap) can remain in the accumulation phase. In this case, it will be subject to a 15% tax on investment earnings.

Impact on Age Pension

Making a downsizer contribution may have implications for your Age Pension benefits. Superannuation is not exempt from the Age Pension test, meaning that any funds directed into super, including downsizer contributions, could influence the assets and income tests used to determine your eligibility for the Age Pension.

One-Time Opportunity

It’s important to note that downsizer contributions are a one-time opportunity. Once used for the sale of a home, they cannot be used again for the sale of a second property. Therefore, careful consideration and financial planning are crucial when contemplating a downsizer contribution.

Managing the excess contributions of an employer

When employers fulfill their mandated super contributions, adhering to the maximum contribution base, there is typically no risk of surpassing the concessional contribution cap. This remains true unless the employee intends to augment their super contributions through salary sacrifice or personal concessional contributions. If an employer opts to make super contributions beyond the maximum contribution cap, neither the employee nor the employer will face any penalties. However, if the contributions made by the employer result in the employee exceeding the concessional contribution cap, the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) will issue a notification to the employee, indicating that their cap has been surpassed. In such a scenario, the excess amount will be subject to taxation at the individual’s marginal tax rate, with a 15% tax offset being applied to account for the contributions tax already remitted by the super fund. To assist in managing the payment of excess concessional contributions, you have the option to withdraw 85% of the surplus amount, which is calculated as the excess contributions minus the 15% contributions tax.

Super transfer balance cap: managing your retirement savings

The transfer balance cap serves as a crucial regulation that sets a limit on the amount of superannuation that can be shifted from the accumulation phase, where contributions and earnings receive favorable tax treatment, to the tax-free retirement phase. Upon retirement, if an individual’s super balance surpasses the prevailing general transfer balance cap, which currently stands at $1.9 million, the excess amount will not enjoy the same tax-free status as other sources of super income. It’s important to note that the cap applies to all of an individual’s retirement accounts. For individuals who initiated their retirement income stream on or after 1 July 2021, the transfer balance cap was elevated to $1.9 million, with potential variations ranging from $1.6 million to $1.9 million per person. Should an individual exceed the transfer balance cap while still actively employed, they may become ineligible for specific benefits, including the government co-contribution, tax offsets for spouse contributions, as well as the after-tax contributions cap and bring-forward period.

Re-contributing COVID Early Release Super: Rebuilding Your Superannuation

Starting 1 July 2021, individuals who availed themselves of the COVID-19 early release program to withdraw funds from their superannuation now have the opportunity to re-contribute an amount equivalent to their withdrawal back into their superannuation. Importantly, these re-contributions will not count towards their non-concessional contribution cap. These re-contributions can be executed during the period spanning from 1 July 2021 to 30 June 2030. However, it is important to emphasise that the total re-contribution must not exceed the sum accessed through the COVID-19 early release program, and it cannot be claimed as a personal superannuation deduction. To facilitate these re-contributions, individuals are required to notify their fund by submitting an approved form either before or at the time of making the contribution.

Could a bonus or overtime pay effect my MSCB?

The Maximum Super Contribution Base (MSCB) serves as a quarterly income threshold that corresponds to the requirement for employers to make Superannuation Guarantee (SG) contributions to their employees’ super accounts on a quarterly basis. However, for individuals with fluctuating or irregular income, such as those receiving overtime or bonuses, adhering to this requirement can result in SG contributions falling short. In cases where an employee’s earnings surpass the MSCB for a specific quarter due to factors like overtime or a bonus, the employer’s obligatory SG contribution is limited. Consequently, the employee does not receive an SG contribution based on their entire income for that quarter. For instance, if an employee earns $75,000 in one quarter and $69,000 in another during the current financial year (2023-24), the maximum SG payable by the employer into their super account for both quarters is capped at $6,849 per quarter ($62,270 * 11%), despite the varying income levels earned in each quarter.

Next Step is to Contact TMS Financials

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This outline is for general information only and not as legal, tax or accounting advice. It may not be accurate, complete or current. It is not official and not from a government institution. Always consult a qualified professional for specific advice tailored to your unique circumstances.

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